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With its imposing size, the Fortezza dominates the medieval village of Sorano and represents one of the most important examples of medieval architecture of the Renaissance. Built by the Aldobrandeschi in the 13th century, the fortress was later enlarged and renovated by the Orsini, following the requirements imposed by the arrival of firearms. The sixteen-century compound is formed by a central Mastio, the site of the headquarter and by two side strongholds, San Pietro and San Marco. The various buildings that form the Renaissance compound, are inter-connected by a series of underground paths that during the sieges allowed the rapid movement of the troops along the entire perimeter of the walls. Today some of these rooms house the Museum of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance where are preserved ceramics found in the rubbish pits, the so-called “butti,” of Sorano, Sovana and Castell’Ottieri. The locations can be visited following the guided tours of the Fortress and the underground paths.